The Wolf-Hook Rune is the Rune of Resistance and was used in the Peasant's War in Germany. This rune derives from the Eoh-Rune which seems obvious by the shape of the stave -
But there is perhaps a hidden meaning as to why this rune is used for 'resistance' or 'rebellion', or even 'revolution'. The Eoh-Rune is the 13th Rune and this number is actually related to 'revolt' and to 'revolution'. The rune-stave itself is clearly one of change, and when seen to 'revolve' upon itself it remains the same as it was originally. The Number 13 is used in Freemasonry as a symbol of 'revolution' because it comes from Genesis 14:4 -
'Twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled'.
Modern 'witchcraft' is an invention, probably starting around Gerald Gardner, but some parts of this still hold certain ancient secrets and ancient wisdom. There is a practice called Raising the Stang which, from its description, is the Germanic Art of Nithing, or Raising the Nithing-Pole. This aspect of magic, a Cursing-Magic, can be found in Norse Sagas. The Nithing-Pole was a pole which usually had a Horse's Head placed on the top.
Within some sections of modern 'witchcraft' the Stang is used to raise a storm (by the Storm-God, Woden), and this is an animal's head placed upon a pole. But their version has it that this is a 'Tool of the Devil'. However, when we note that 'The Devil' of the Christians was 'Old Nick' then this is clearly Woden who is Nicor (English) or Nikuda (Norse). In order to keep him for their own use he became 'St. Nicholas'. The Stang seems also to have been used to invoke a revolt against oppression, and part of the ritual was to drive a nail into the base of the pole in order to -
- To invoke forces from the 'Lower World',
- To invoke 'Serpentine Forces'.